Father Ignacio Martín-Baró was born in November 7, 1942 in Valladolid, Spain. He was a scholar, social psychologist and philosopher and held many administrative positions at he University of Central America (UCA) after joining the Society of Jesus. Father Martín-Baró founded the University Institute of Public Opinion at UCA in order to look at the attitudes and opinions of the Salvadorian people.

Father Ignacio Martín-Baró was killed on November 16, 1989 along with seven others in El Salvador for refusing to stop voicing concerns over the human rights issues of the poor.